How to install Laravel project you cloned from Git

How to install Laravel project you cloned from Git

by Sidick Allaladé on 11/03/2020 |

Updated at 9/08/2020


Laravel is a powerful php framework and as its slogan says it is 'The PHP Framework for Web Artisans'.

At our web agency we often receive questions about Laravel web development.

If you forgot the steps or commands during the installation of Laravel projects, this tutorial is for you. 

Here is a guide to install Laravel project on a Linux or Windows server or environment from git. 

1- Login with the right permissions (optional)

If you are logged in as root or superadmin on your server, make sure you change your user to the default web user for the Laravel project. 

Simply do this:

  • Su yourusername

2- Clone your repo

Whether your project is hosted on Github, Gitlab, Bitbucket or other, it all comes back to GIT, so we can use git on our local machine or server to clone our project.

  • git clone linktoyourpo.com/project name

Note that you clone projects in 2 ways, one in HTTPS mode and one in SSH mode.

PRO TIP: You can clone your project from a specific branch by doing 

git clone -b nameofthebranch linktoyourepo.com/projectname

3- Access your project directory

After your clone, a new folder with the name of your Laravel project should be created in your current location.

You just need to access it by making:

  • cd projectname

4- Install the project dependencies from compose 

Each time you clone a new Laravel project, you have to install all the dependencies of the project. This is what allows installing Laravel itself, among other packages needed to start the application.

When we run composer, it checks the composer.json file that is in your repo and lists all the composer packages your repo needs. As these packages are constantly changing, the source code is usually not submitted to git, thanks to the .gitignore that should always contain the vendor directory.

So to install all the necessary source code, we run composer with the following command.

  • compose install

You can also think about how to simplify and automate your workflow.

5- Install NPM dependencies (optional)

This is exactly like the previous step with the only difference that it will allow you to install Vue.js, Bootstrap.css, Lodash and Laravel Mix etc...

In short, instead of installing PHP code as in previous step, it's a matter of installing the required Javascript (or Node) packages.

The list of packages needed in this case are listed in 'packages.json' file.

If your project doesn't use vue.js, node or other you can skip this step, otherwise you have to do : 

  • npm install

Others prefer Yarn, if that's the case, just do it. 

  • Yarn

6- Create a copy of your .env file

The .env files are generally not submitted to your repo, if this is not the case I invite you to correct this for security reasons.

But there is an example .env file, which is a template of the .env that every Laravel project needs to start. 

So we will make a copy of the .env.example file and create an .env file that we can fill in with our configuration settings.

  • cp .env.example .env

7- Generate your encryption key

Laravel requires that you have an encryption key for each application, this is usually randomly generated and stored in your .env. The application will use this encryption key to encrypt various elements of your application, such as cookies, password hashes and many other elements.

Fortunately Laravel's command line tools allows you to generate this key very easily. In the terminal, we can execute this command to generate this key. 

  • php artisan key:generate

Close and open your .env file again, you should notice that the key was generated in the variable: APP_KEY

8- Some practical commands (Optional)

If your Laravel project does not contain a database at this level it should already be working.

If this is the case - Perfect: everything works like clockwork. 

Yeah, everything works alright!

Otherwise try these commands that can help:

Set the right permissions on all directories and files in your project by simply running 

  • chmod 755 -R nameofyourproject/
  • chmod -R o+w nameofyourproject/storage

Clean up your project

  • php artisan cache:clear
  • php artisan view:clear
  • php artisan config:clear

Sometimes you have to add to your /public/ or /index.php/ url

This isn't over, what if you have a database? 

Well, let's get on with it. 

9- Create an empty database for your project

Create an empty database for your project using any database tools you prefer (My favorite is Datagrip for Mac, but sometimes I use DBForge, or Mysql Workbench or even good old Phpmyadmin).

Don't forget to back up the whole thing, you can do that with simple shell script.

10- Configure your .env file to allow a connection to the database

We will want to allow Laravel to connect to the database you just created in previous step. To do this we need to add the connection references in the .env file and Laravel will take care of the connection from there.

In the .env file, fill in the options DB_HOST, DB_PORT, DB_DATABASE, DB_USERNAME and DB_PASSWORD so that they match the credentials of the database you have just created.

11- Add the tables and contents of your database with migrations or in SQL

Migrations in Laravel allow you to have all your DB architecture in your code and with a simple command line you recreate all your tables.

  • php artisan migrate

This command creates the structure of your database but does not fill any tables.

If the repository has a seed file, this is the time to run it, in order to fill your database with startup or dummy data.

  • php artisan db:seed

PRO TIP: You can combine the 2 previous commands into one command which is this one: 

  • php artisan migrate:fresh --seed

Migrations are super handy, but if you don't have one you simply import the sql file from your old database with your favorite database tools. This will create all your tables with your contents.

Conclusion

That's all you need to start a Laravel project. Of course, some projects have specific steps that apply only to that project, but the steps I've described above are the necessary steps you'll need to follow to start any standard Laravel project from a git clone.

It's essentially the same thing on Windows, unless you don't have a batch terminal. This would be surprising because if you install git on a Windows server or machine, then right-click in your folder, you should get the 'git bash here' option and you're done.

We at Oshara have been doing web development with Laravel from the beginning. Laravel was just few months old (circa 2011) when we started making custom apps and websites with it. It's a great tool and it simplifies things a lot.

Installing Laravel was not that hard, right?

So installing Laravel was not that hard, right?

I hope this has helped you get started on your next Laravel project. Don't forget to subscribe to our newsletter and follow us on social networks for more great tutorials on popular web technologies and marketing techniques.


If you have any problems with Laravel please contact me or our team at Oshara. We run the best custom web development agency in Montreal.

Sidick Allaladé

Sidick Allalade, is Chief Technology Officer at Oshara INC and co-founder of the Osortoo web application. He loves solving complex IT problems, coding and everything IT. He has a good knowledge of online marketing and IT Governance, Audit and Security.
His experience spans hundreds of projects with companies of all sizes which makes him a valuable asset on any team.

Was this article useful?

People Who Read This Article Also Read...

Everything You Need To Know About Communication Agencies

By definition, a communication agency (marketing) is a company that plans and harmonizes internal and / or external communication on be...

Everything You Need To Know Ab...


Is ETL Still Relevant in 2019?

ETL is an abbreviation for extract, transform, and load. It is one of data integration tools used in the extraction of data from a sour...

Is ETL Still Relevant in 2019?


How Netlinking Is Useful for Your SEO

With the aim of helping companies improve their notoriety through their blogs. Oshara Inc, shares his knowledge about Netlinking in thi...

How Netlinking Is Useful for Y...


Develop a Native, Hybrid or Web application? What are the differences?

There are different types of applications (apps), each with their own advantages and disadvantages. We will try here to lighten your sh...

Develop a Native, Hybrid or We...


This is How you can Simplify Complex Enterprise Workflows in Your Business

A workflow is a repeatable scheme or pattern of a sequence of steps or activities that are undertaken to realize the completion of a pa...

This is How you can Simplify C...


How to obtain instagram certification?

Like Twitter and Facebook, Instagram offers the possibility for administrators of an Instagram page to certify certain pages. Oshara In...

How to obtain instagram certif...


×