Laravel is a powerful php framework and as its slogan says it is 'The PHP Framework for Web Artisans'.
At our web agency we often receive questions about Laravel web development.
If you forgot the steps or commands during the installation of Laravel projects, this tutorial is for you.
Here is a guide to install Laravel project on a Linux or Windows server or environment from git.
1- Login with the right permissions (optional)
If you are logged in as root or superadmin on your server, make sure you change your user to the default web user for the Laravel project.
Simply do this:
2- Clone your repo
git clone linktoyourpo.com/project name
Note that you clone projects in 2 ways, one in HTTPS mode and one in SSH mode.
PRO TIP: You can clone your project from a specific branch by doing
git clone -b nameofthebranch linktoyourepo.com/projectname
3- Access your project directory
After your clone, a new folder with the name of your Laravel project should be created in your current location.
You just need to access it by making:
4- Install the project dependencies from composer
Each time you clone a new Laravel project, you have to install all the dependencies of the project. This is what allows installing Laravel itself, among other packages needed to start the application.
When we run composer, it checks the composer.json file that is in your repo and lists all the composer packages your repo needs. As these packages are constantly changing, the source code is usually not submitted to git, thanks to the .gitignore that should always contain the vendor directory.
So to install all the necessary source code, we run composer with the following command.
You can also think about how to simplify and automate your workflow.
5- Install NPM dependencies (optional)
This is exactly like the previous step with the only difference that it will allow you to install Vue.js, Bootstrap.css, Lodash and Laravel Mix etc...
The list of packages needed in this case are listed in 'packages.json' file.
If your project doesn't use vue.js, node or other you can skip this step, otherwise you have to do :
Others prefer Yarn, if that's the case, just do it.
6- Create a copy of your .env file
The .env files are generally not submitted to your repo, if this is not the case I invite you to correct this for security reasons.
But there is an example .env file, which is a template of the .env that every Laravel project needs to start.
So we will make a copy of the .env.example file and create an .env file that we can fill in with our configuration settings.
cp .env.example .env
7- Generate your encryption key
Laravel requires that you have an encryption key for each application, this is usually randomly generated and stored in your .env. The application will use this encryption key to encrypt various elements of your application, such as cookies, password hashes and many other elements.
Fortunately Laravel's command line tools allows you to generate this key very easily. In the terminal, we can execute this command to generate this key.
php artisan key:generate
Close and open your .env file again, you should notice that the key was generated in the variable: APP_KEY
8- Some practical commands (Optional)
If your Laravel project does not contain a database at this level it should already be working.
If this is the case - Perfect: everything works like clockwork.
Otherwise try these commands that can help:
Set the right permissions on all directories and files in your project by simply running
chmod 755 -R nameofyourproject/
chmod -R o+w nameofyourproject/storage
Clean up your project
php artisan cache:clear
php artisan view:clear
php artisan config:clear
Sometimes you have to add to your /public/ or /index.php/ url
This isn't over, what if you have a database?
Well, let's get on with it.
9- Create an empty database for your project
Create an empty database for your project using any database tools you prefer (My favorite is Datagrip for Mac, but sometimes I use DBForge, or Mysql Workbench or even good old Phpmyadmin).
Don't forget to back up the whole thing, you can do that with simple shell script.
10- Configure your .env file to allow a connection to the database
We will want to allow Laravel to connect to the database you just created in previous step. To do this we need to add the connection references in the .env file and Laravel will take care of the connection from there.
In the .env file, fill in the options DB_HOST, DB_PORT, DB_DATABASE, DB_USERNAME and DB_PASSWORD so that they match the credentials of the database you have just created.
11- Add the tables and contents of your database with migrations or in SQL
Migrations in Laravel allow you to have all your DB architecture in your code and with a simple command line you recreate all your tables.
php artisan migrate
This command creates the structure of your database but does not fill any tables.
If the repository has a seed file, this is the time to run it, in order to fill your database with startup or dummy data.
php artisan db:seed
PRO TIP: You can combine the 2 previous commands into one command which is this one:
php artisan migrate:fresh --seed
Migrations are super handy, but if you don't have one you simply import the sql file from your old database with your favorite database tools. This will create all your tables with your contents.
That's all you need to start a Laravel project. Of course, some projects have specific steps that apply only to that project, but the steps I've described above are the necessary steps you'll need to follow to start any standard Laravel project from a git clone.
It's essentially the same thing on Windows, unless you don't have a batch terminal. This would be surprising because if you install git on a Windows server or machine, then right-click in your folder, you should get the 'git bash here' option and you're done.
We at Oshara have been doing web development with Laravel from the beginning. Laravel was just few months old (circa 2011) when we started making custom apps and websites with it. It's a great tool and it simplifies things a lot.
So installing Laravel was not that hard, right?
I hope this has helped you get started on your next Laravel project. Don't forget to subscribe to our newsletter and follow us on social networks for more great tutorials on popular web technologies and marketing techniques.
If you have any problems with Laravel please contact me or our team at Oshara. We run the best custom web development agency in Montreal.
Sidick Allalade, is Chief Technology Officer at Oshara INC and co-founder of the Osortoo web application. He loves solving complex IT problems, coding and everything IT. He has a good knowledge of online marketing and IT Governance, Audit and Security.
His experience spans hundreds of projects with companies of all sizes which makes him a valuable asset on any team.
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